Possibly one of the most overused parts of the human body, the ankle is prone to natural wear and tear, a whole range of injuries and mishaps that can cause ankle pain. Before we delve into the different types of ankle pain, symptoms, treatment and rehabilitation, it is important to first understand the anatomical structure of the ankle.
Understanding the ankle anatomy
The ankle is a hinge-type joint that is made up of two joints (upper and lower tarsal joint) which facilitates its normal movement. Apart from the four main ligaments (deltoid, anterior talofibular, posterior talofibular and calcaneofibular ligament), fibula, tibia and talus are the primary bones that make up the ankle. The capsula, ankle tendons and a combination of supporting muscles around the ankle help keep it in the desired position.
Types of ankle joint motions
This involves the back of the foot (dorsum) coming towards the anterior part of the leg.
This involves balancing the leg on the toes when the heel is raised. In simple words, these motions help you walk, run and carry out daily activities that involve moving on the ground with your legs.
Why is the ankle prone to injuries?
While the most obvious answer to that question is that the ankle takes the weight of the entire body when you walk, jog, run or sprint, there are several other reasons for ankle injuries.
What are the different types of ankle injuries?
While there are several types of ankle-related injuries, the most common ones are listed below:
Each of these come with their own set of risks, so it is best to get your injury diagnosed at the earliest so you can take appropriate remedial measures.
Symptoms, treatment and rehabilitation of ankle injuries
Here’s a quick look at the key symptoms of moderate-to-serious ankle injuries:
When should one seek professional help for ankle pain?
While it is easy to figure out that you have injured your ankle, it is best to visit a doctor and get it checked if the pain persists for more than a few hours. Who knows, it might be better or worse than what you think it is! The doctor will initially take a good look at your ankle, try to move it in different directions (to check the range of motion), ask you a couple of easy questions and subsequently conduct an X-ray or MRI scan to gauge the extent of the injury before prescribing drugs, exercises or other rehabilitation remedies.
How can ankle pain be treated? What are the best remedies?
Any kind of injury to the ankle means a whole lot of discomfort and there are certain proven ways to relieve this pain. Some ideal home remedies to effectively manage ankle pain include:
Make sure you give your ankle the best chance of recovering by giving it ample rest. This includes not putting any kind of weight or stress on the ankle during the rehabilitation phase.
Whether you prefer crutches, walkers or wheelchairs is up to you (and the extent of the injury), but you should ideally use some kind of mobility support equipment or device for walking even if you only mean to walk around the house for your daily needs.
While lying down, use pillows to elevate your foot/leg. This can help in reducing the swelling around the ankle joint. We recommend you follow this whether or not you are on medication.
Cold therapy or icing works well to reduce swelling and reduce pain. Using ice wrapped in a piece of cloth or ice packs can help make the affected area numb and get rid of the swelling quicker.
Anti-inflammatory medicines like ibuprofen or acetaminophen are proven over-the-counter drugs that help kill the pain, but we still suggest seeing a doctor before you take any medicines.
Cortisone shots are essentially injected into your ankle joint to relieve you of the pain. These shots comprise of a corticosteroid medication along with a local anaesthetic.
As is the case with the recovery of any joint, gradual movement and limited exercise is a massive part of rehabilitation. Using therapy bands (or resistance bands) and performing range-of-motion exercises can help in the recovery process. But you need to ensure that you don’t put any unnecessary strain on the ankle while you exercise.
In severe cases, arthroscopy or reconstruction surgery may be advised by the doctor (in case the injury is extreme or the condition of the ankle doesn’t improve through nonsurgical methods).
You could also use easy-to-wear ankle support equipment and aids to overcome ankle pain.
How to choose the right ankle support equipment
From sleeves and straps to splints and braces to stirrups and hybrids, there is an entire assortment of ankle support products that you can choose from in order to aid your ankle rehabilitation. Choosing an ankle support product might seem like choosing a shirt or a dress the options in the injury rehabilitation products market today are endless. However, you need to assess the pros and cons of different types of ankle braces before you take your pick. You might realize that there is an inverse relationship between comfort and stability when it comes to most products.
Ankle sleeves are extremely comfortable, but there can be a fair debate over how effective they are when it comes to moderate-to-severe ankle injury management. However, in the case of a mild sprain, these are handy first-line treatment modalities that you can purchase on your own.
Ankle straps or binders are basically meant to be wrapped around the ankle in an eight-shape (like you would wrap a bandage). While different straps have varying thickness and flexibility levels, it is up to you to decide what to go for. Straps are usually popular amongst athletes and youngsters.
These braces have a classic design when it comes to functionality and support. Made of stiff material, lace-up style braces provide ample stability. While the rigidity factor might seem like a con, there are lots of designs out there that provide a great balance between stability and comfort today.
Put a sleeve, strap, stirrup and lace-up together and you have yourself a hybrid ankle brace. Most professional sportsmen prefer hybrid braces, but again, it also depends on how serious your ankle injury is (or what the doctor has recommended).
What should I look for in an ideal ankle support aid?
Quality, stability, comfort, additional features and cost (in that order) are the primary factors to consider when choosing an ankle support product. If you are thinking about recovering fast, aesthetics should ideally be the last thing on that list. However, trusted brands like Vissco, Tynor and Flamingo offer some of the best-rated ankle joint support aids that deliver a great mix of quality and aesthetics at a reasonable price.
If you are on the lookout for stable and comfortable ankle support or ankle rehabilitation aid online, here are some of the best ankle support aids available in India:
1. Ankle Support with Silicone Pressure Pad - Vissco
A brace designed to provide ample support to your ankle for effective post-injury recovery, this product can be worn like you wear socks. With soft padding, an ergonomic fit and silicone pressure pad, this ankle brace feels great on the skin and increases the blood flow by providing compression.
2. Foot Drop Splint (Left) / Foot Drop Splint (Right)
Designed with a dorsal shell made of polypropylene for longer life, this ankle splint aids excellent weight distribution and keeps the foot in a dorsiflexion position. Its thin structure means that you can wear it inside a shoe. Available in small, medium and large sizes, its 3D air-filled cushion-like padding aids airflow and delivers unrivalled comfort.
3. Ankle Stirrup Brace Vissco
Visscos stirrup brace is ideal for post-injury rehabilitation and provides an extra level of support to protect your ankle from getting damaged again. Since it fits any limb, you dont have to worry about whether it is the left foot or the right one. Whats more, it comes in a universal size and comes equipped with a soft gel padding around the ankle joint, adding to the comfort.
4. Ankle Traction Holder Vissco
5. Ankle Binder – Vissco
This ankle traction holder by Vissco is the perfect support equipment to help you rest your foot while you sleep. Meant to be used under medical supervision, this holder is a great aid if you need to ensure you dont end up damaging your injured ankle further.
6. Ankle Binder – Flamingo
Strongly built, the ankle splint by Flamingo that is designed to effectively support, compress and partially immobilise the ankle. It is suitable for ankle sprains, muscle and ligament injuries and can also be used as a preventive care. It consists of two components, an elasticized wrap and a compression sleeve which is knitted on 3-dimensional computer controlled circular looms. It is made of four-way stretchable fabric which allows better sweat circulation and air circulation. The binder allows controlled compression and prevents inversion and aversion injuries.
How to prevent further injuries or damage to the ankle? Apart from going through your ankle rehabilitation carefully and gradually, maintaining moderate body weight is essential to reducing the pressure put on your ankle joints. Here are some more preventive measures you can take in order to avoid injuries in the future:
Always use quality footwear that doesnt put undue stress on different parts of your legs. If you have been through an ankle injury, avoid wearing hard soles or high heels.
Before you begin your workout or any other strenuous activity that will put your ankles under pressure, stretching and warming up is a must. Oftentimes, ankle injuries happen because you arent warmed up enough.
You can continue using an ankle brace as a preventive device when partaking in any physical activity that involves lateral movements.
Performing muscle-strengthening exercises is a must so you can be sure of a strong support system around the ankle joint. Calf raises and other similar exercises can go a great way in helping you strengthen your ankle.
It might seem like a redundant thing to say, but a lot of us do not pay attention to the kind of surfaces we walk on. Uneven surfaces often lead to ankle twists and related injuries. Watch where you are walking, especially if you are a senior! To conclude, it is important to immediately seek professional help when it comes to diagnosing and treating an ankle-related injury. Ankle pain, if left untreated, can lead to long-term aches and instability, causing further damage to the joint area. If you are looking for a reliable ankle support aid, check out our section dedicated to ankle pain management products.
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